Monday, October 24, 2011

Mandarin Mondays: 历史

Because of China's National Day (guó qìng jié, 国庆节), we're studying about China this month. Each Monday I'll be sharing a few of the facts we've learned about this fascinating country. This week we're learning facts about China's history (lì shǐ, 历史).

Ancient Chinese civilization grew rapidly along the Yellow River (Huánghé, 黄河). The ancient political system was based on hereditary monarchies, beginning with the Xia dynasty (Xià cháo, 夏朝) about 2000 BC, and ending with the Qing dynasty (Dà Qīng Dìguó, 大清帝国) in AD 1912.

On October 1st, 1949, the People's Republic of China was officially declared a nation and the current system of government began. This is why October 1st is celebrated as national day.

Today the People's Republic of China has the fastest growing economy. It is also the world's largest exporter of goods. Which is easily seen since you can by goods made in China just about anywhere.

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